Saul McLeodpublished Case studies are in-depth investigations of a single person, group, event or community. Typically, data are gathered from a variety of sources and by using several different methods e.
Posted on May 1, by abdullaman The psychology case study is one of the oldest research methods in the discipline. One individual, sometimes with an abnormality, is studied in great depth.
Psychology, as a science, seeks to discern universal truths, so the study of atypical individuals must be done with caution. These unrepresentative studies, though, suggest avenues for future research. These findings were then corroborated by representative, rigorous research methods, namely the experiment.
Phineas Gage One of the few portraits of Phineas Gage, holding the same tampering iron that damaged his brain.
On a day inPhineas Gage, a mild-mannered railroad worker, used a tampering iron to pack gunpowder into a rock.
But a spark accidentally detonated the gunpowder, causing the rod to shoot up through his left cheek and the top of his skull. His left frontal lobe was severely damaged, but he survived.
In fact, he immediately sat up and was able to talk. He became short-tempered, rude, impulsive, and immoral. Almost all of what we know about Gauge is from published accounts by Dr.
Later evidence show that Gauge, for the last decade of his life, worked the same job in two locations. This is not consistent with the image of Gage as a capricious, emotionless drifter. It was also one of the first cases that showed a neurological basis for personality and behavior. More recent studies in psychology look into these possible connections between morality, emotion, and the brain.
But they owe a debt of gratitude to Phineas Gage. Genie is a relatively recent example of a feral child. Feral children are humans raised in social isolation, experiencing little or no human contact in their lives.
Feral children are typically the result of either child abandonment or abuse. Due to malnourishment and lack of mental stimulation, feral children never fully cognitively develop.
Genie was such a child. Found in at the age of 13, Genie had spent most of her life confined in a bedroom, strapped to a potty chair. Her physical and mental development was stunted, and she never learned to speak or walk properly.
After she was found and properly cared for, Genie progressed, learning to communicate nonverbally with her caretakers. But as funds and research interest dried up, she went through a series of foster homes and today, at age 54, is psychologically confined.
She has regressed, reverting to her coping mechanism of silence. It showed the significance of enculturation in acquiring social skills. From a young age, mental stimulation is needed for motor and sensory development. Without mental stimulation, neurogenesis is hindered.
After the first few years of life a critical developmental periodlearning a language becomes more difficult almost impossible for a human child. Genie never learned to speak a grammatically correct verbal language.
A portrait of H. Henry Gustav Molaison was perhaps the most important patient in the history of neuroscience. At the age of 9, a bicycle accident damaged his brain and caused him to suffer from seizures.
Inas a last resort for curing these convulsions, surgeons removed slivers of tissue from his hippocampus, an area we know now thanks to HM is critical in the formation of long-term memories.
He basically lived in the past, unable to create new memories. Even his past memories were clouded by mild retrograde amnesia, leaving him only able to remember the gists of childhood events.
In repeated trials, Dr.It tends to use case studies for information gathering. Trait theories of personality imply personality is biologically based, Type A and B Personality Personality Theories Book Chapter The Cambridge Handbook of Personality Psychology Eysenck Personality InventoryAuthor: Saul Mcleod.
The American Psychological Association (APA) is a scientific and professional organization that represents psychologists in the United States. APA educates the public about psychology, behavioral science and mental health; promotes psychological science and practice; fosters the education and training of psychological scientists, .
I gotta be me! From quirky and introverted to boisterous and out there, personality is a curious thing. Questions of personality have vexed mankind from the dawn of personhood: Can people change?
In psychology, case studies are often confined to the study of a particular individual. The information is mainly biographical and relates to events in the individual's past (i.e. retrospective), as well as to significant events which are currently occurring in his or her everyday life.
Borderline Personality: Does a BPD Diagnosis Imply Raging? Find a Therapist Get the help you need from a therapist near you–a FREE service from Psychology Today. A case study is an in-depth study of one person, group, or event.
Much of Freud's work and theories were developed through the use of individual case studies. Some great examples of case studies in psychology include Anna O, Phineas Gage, and Genie.