Most real-time information relies on automatic vehicle location AVL and Global Positioning Systems GPS in order to estimate approximate arrival times for passengers and transit system operators. Passengers access real-time arrival and departure information through dynamic signs at stops and stations, or through the Internet at home or on smartphones.
There are benefits and challenges in whether applications and infrastructure are hosted on premise, off-premise or a combination of the two. To help, Microsoft recently announced the availability of a Health Risk Assessment Framework--a guide to privacy and security considerations for the adoption of cloud service in the health sector.
Although this document was specifically prepared to address the concerns of health organizations in Europe, I believe it is completely relevant to organizations anywhere in the world.
If desired, you can access the full document at the end of this post. The shift to cloud computing offers health organizations enormous efficiencies, allowing far greater flexibility and capital cost reductions, while most importantly improving provider and patient access to real-time information.
Among the privacy and security-focused questions health organizations should ask when considering the cloud are: Has an effective data classification and governance procedure been implemented to identify sensitive information and to apply the correct level of control for maintaining the security and privacy of the information?
If not, what are the required steps to establish this procedure? What rights does the cloud service provider reserve over customer data stored in the cloud? In particular, will the cloud service provider use sensitive health information stored in the cloud for its own independent purposes, such as advertising and marketing?
Who is ensuring data integrity for the computer systems? Are these systems stable?
Do the cloud computer systems implement any data encryption mechanisms for data-in-transit or for data-at-rest?
Does the security architecture of such systems comply with industry standards? Does the cloud service provider offer comprehensive and easy-to-understand information about its privacy and security practices?
What assurances does the cloud service provider offer regarding the handling of law enforcement requests to access data stored in the cloud?
What happens to the data after the cloud service comes to an end? In particular, is the customer data securely deleted after expiration of the cloud contract? What measures does the cloud service provider use to safeguard personal data transferred outside the EEA e.
These are just a few of the questions that DPOs and IT security professionals need to ask as they develop a data protection and security strategy for their cloud environment.
Before cloud computing technologies emerged, many inherent security and privacy risks existed in traditional non-cloudbased computing environments. However, since the boundaries of a traditional computing environment typically existed within the scope of an organization's IT structure, organizations had greater control of management of such risks.
With the introduction of cloud technologies, risk management responsibility is no longer confined to the internal IT organization. In this environment, health organizations may find it challenging to understand the scope of their responsibility across the enterprise and beyond.
Understanding this new playing field and the players is very important to managing risk. In a traditional computing environment, the risk existed but it was fully owned by the organization in the health sector.
In a cloud-based scenario, the equation changes from a single risk owner to shared risk ownership between the cloud service provider and the cloud customer. This is the — Plan, Do, Check, Act cycle.The need for real-time data from multiple disparate systems becomes increasingly critical to coordinating care so providers can intervene to prevent adverse health events.
These systems are also effective with managing overall costs if you are in an accountable care organization (ACO) or in a risk-based sharing arrangement. • Real-time information—ERP systems can provide real-time information, which can be great help in supply chain decisions.
For example, ordering raw materials can be based on the inventory details provided by the ERP systems. Evaluating Leadership Development Programs Leadership development programs (LDPs) vary in length and the type of activities included.
OPM, for example, offers courses for aspiring leaders, supervisors, managers, and executives. These programs have the general purpose of helping participants identify their strengths and areas for improvement. Successfully implementing information systems (IS) projects is of These theories focus on aspects such as the impact of external and organizational environments on the IS project develop- has a direct impact on whether or not the implemented IS project will be used.
An unsatisfied end-user may not use the system at all even if it. After implementation, all the information from the old systems was moved into JD Edwards World system.
Software license fee was about 1 millions. It has spent about 10 millions on the JD Edwards, including the purchasing the program, implementing, upgrading and maintaining from to . The results demonstrate the ability of the system to effectively reduce driver travel time and stop time in the network under congested conditions, through the implementation of real-time .