Check new design of our homepage! This article aims to provide instructions on how to write a research paper. Penlighten Staff Last Updated: Feb 10, The primary objective of including a research paper as a part of any coursework is to introduce the students with the various strategies of research and also to develop their writing skills.
Idea for research paper Due mid-quarter, see schedule for date To write a research paper you have to start with an idea, hypothesis, that you would like to test. This is often the hardest part of the research process.
To keep everyone on track, you will turn in a paragraph describing: A short statement about why this is an interesting research question.
You should be able to create both of these in about a half page. Research Paper Instructions All work is expected to be your own! If you have any questions about citations, quotes, or plagiarism contact the TA or refer to this University website: The title is extremely important, as it is your first opportunity to attract or discourage readers.
Abstract This is a self-contained paragraph which encapsulates the entire study: It is normally no more than one double-spaced page and its page is separate from the Introduction.
The abstract appears first but it is often best to write this last, after all else is done. It is essentially a separate, miniature version of the whole paper rather than a part of it.
It must include a brief introduction, description of key methods and results, and some interpretation. Introduction This section provides background information and leads the reader by the hand from the general scientific questions to what was actually done in the study.
Therefore, it is not the place for an exhaustive literature review but should indicate the scientific scope of the study, why the study was conducted i. The Introduction should begin rather broadly and get progressively more specific, ending with a paragraph more or less as follows: This statement of goals and objectives is absolutely essential to the paper.
If you cannot state the objective clearly and succinctly, the reader will be lost, and it will also be impossible for you to structure the Methods, Results and Discussion. Methods sometimes Materials and Methods This section describes what was actually done in the study: A readers should be able to envisage exactly what you we did and repeat it if necessary.
A map of the study area might be useful, and you might describe your statistical analysis here. Try to include important details but not trivial ones.
In some studies weather might be important but for others it might not.
Think about the objectives when writing the Methods. Sub-headings can be used to help organize this section.
It is important that the results be presented with an organizational structure that matches the objectives of the study. If data do not fit into the objectives, you need not or perhaps should not include them.
The results should be written out so that the reader does not have to study tables or graphs to get the general picture. The text should include data averages, ranges, standard deviations, rates, etc.
Look through journals to see examples of what goes into tables vs. There is a real skill art? If you have not studied statistics you can still present simple, quantitative results.
We will help you interpret the statistical packages in the computer programs like Excel. Discussion The typical Discussion begins with a concise wrap-up of the salient results and then goes on to explain what they mean. It is not considered good practice to complain about the small sample size or make other excuses about the quality and quantity of the data.
Do the best you can interpreting what you have. It goes without saying that more data would be desirable. Try to save the most speculative ideas for last and focus on the applications of the results to what is known has been published on the subject.
Try to keep a broad perspective. Your discussion will be easy to follow for the reader if it is organized around the objectives of the study.
Think clearly and write concisely! Acknowledgements This is an important but brief part of the paper, in which you thank those who assisted in data collection and writing. This is a courteous way to say thanks, and in professional papers is the place where the authors acknowledge the source of funding for the work.
Only thank those who helped on the project, not to family and friends for moral support.This booklet contains instructions for writing research papers.
These are intended to facilitate practical work and list some formal requirements for written presentations. Read 50 Research Paper Topics to Help You Jumpstart Your Writing. How to Write a Research Paper Step 3: Create a Thesis.
Knowing what you want to write about is important, but it’s just as important (or maybe even more important) to know what you want to say about the topic.
Seminar papers or presentations prepare the student for farther-reaching research.
They help the student to understand the nature of larger research papers, such as arti- cles or monographs. Steps in Writing a Research Paper A series of steps, starting with developing a research question and working thesis, will lead you through writing a research paper.
As you move through these steps and actually create the research paper, you may find that you can't move through all of them in chronological order, and that's o.k. specific issue you write about. If you are comfortable writing a more technical paper, then feel free to do that. All are expected to follow the instructions for the content of the paper described below.
Sometimes the most difficult part of writing a research paper is just getting it started. Contained in this packet, you will find a list of six steps that will aid you in the research paper writing process.