A - F[ edit ] Since the concentric organization chart has neither top nor bottom, the interpretations of the relationships existing within the organization are not dependent upon the position of the diagram which represents them. Any organization chart is designed to present certain facts about a given organization at given time.
The more complex the business, the more important the structure becomes -- it determines who wields authority and who has responsibility for particular projects or goals. There's no single ideal organizational structure; use whatever structural concepts work best for your company.
Functional Structures Basing your structure on employee functions is an simple concept for organizing the company.
Different functions such as marketing, finance, human resources and Internet Technology each have their own department and each department focuses exclusively on that function.
The drawback, Chip Grizzard of Grizzard Communications states, is that a department may fixate on its own function, its own budget and its own goals with no thought for the company as a whole.
Even when problems require solutions from multiple departments, they may not cooperate. Divisional Structure Divisions are mini-companies built around particular products or regions. A car company could have one division for SUVs, one for luxury cars, and another for economy vehicles, for example.
Each division contains all the functions necessary to handle business for that region or product line. Because everyone in the division shares a common goal, such as boosting sales for their products, there's more cross-function cooperation. The downside is that every division duplicates the same functions -- sales, marketing and manufacturing -- which is often wasteful.
Process Structure The process structure divides up the organization around processes, such as research, manufacturing and sales. Unlike a purely functional structure, a process-based organization considers how the different processes relate to each other and the customer.
The sales process doesn't begin until the manufacturing process produces something to sell; manufacturing, in turn, waits on research and development to create the product. Process-based structures are geared to satisfying the customer -- the end result of all the processes -- but they only work if managers understand how the different processes interact.
Matrix Structure The matrix structure is often overlaid on top of a company's functional structure to tackle projects that involve multiple departments. Project managers recruit staff for their teams from different departments so that all the necessary functions work on it together.
This offers companies flexibility and a better use of resources than a purely functional model. The downside is that authority and the chain of command become more confused, as team members answer to both the project manager and their department supervisor.This book offers a discussion of a new management concept, Organisational Anatomy, which views organisational processes and functions from a biological perspective.
Sparta: Infrastructure, Social Structure, and Superstructure - Spartan culture is a great example of how a society’s infrastructure will directly affect both, its social structure .
Webpage on Management Functions, Human Resource Management, Economic and Social Environment, Accounting and Finance for Managers, Marketing, Management Information System, Quantitative Analysis, Management Economics, Organisational Design Development & Change, Strategic Management, Social Processes and .
Concept Of Organisational Structure. Two main types of organisational structure 1. Hierachial structure 2. Flat structure The main hieranchial structure has many layers of management and at times this can cause information to be lost or changed while passing to one person to another.
3 Soske The impossible concept within the history of racial thought and often serve as racial euphemisms.6 Stuart Hall famously described race as a ‘oating signier’. 7 This instability haunts the ideas of multi- and non-racialism.
optimal organisational structure. Although the traditional hierarchy of the industrial age is rapidly disappearing, the new organisational structure of the information age has not emerged yet – in spite of the significant amount of .